Dog breeds the intelligent border collies

The intelligent border collies are known worldwide. The pet is the perfect pet because of its friendly, energetic character and ability to feel empathy for his family.

The intelligent Border Collies are a very popular breed today. These are medium-sized dogs that are known for their great energy and enthusiasm. If you want a four-horse company in the country, the intelligent border collies are a great choice.

The intelligent border collies

One does not know exactly where this kind of dog comes from. Archaeologists speculate that they first appeared in the British Isles in the fourth to first centuries BC. Chr. Together with the Celts occurred. This ethnic group found out how to work with the intelligent border collies as a team. They started to use animals as shepherd dogs.

The word Collie means “useful” in Celtic. Apart from their duties as shepherds, the intelligent Border Collies were also used as guard dogs at home and even as hunting dogs for small prey animals.

The breed changed a bit over the centuries until the FCI and the Kennel Club set a standard in the 20th century.

Today, the intelligent Border Collies are popular with all ages. They are very cuddly and playful and obey without contradiction. Some of them even communicate with their owners without words.

Physical characteristics

The Border Collie is a medium-sized breed. She is light and agile and does whatever task you put her. The physical aspects of the breed vary, but often the dense fur is spotted black and white and they have a sharp eye.

Head

  • The skull is in good proportion to the body.
  • The muzzle is the same length as the skull.
  • The jaws are scissor-shaped.
  • The Border Collie has small, round eyes that are slightly separated from each other. The look is intelligent and humorous.
  • His ears start at the back of the head, a little above eye level. They are of medium size and do not hang.

Body

  • The chest is a little longer and muscular.
  • The back is long and bends slightly towards the end.
  • Border Collies have a long, medium-thick tail. Just like the body, she has a thick coat.
  • They have long, muscular limbs.
  • The coat consists of two layers. The outer layer is thicker and protects the animal from dirt. The inner, thinner layer has the task of warming the animal.

Temperament

The intelligent Border Collies are in most situations very obedient, quiet animals. However, this peace can be deceiving, because it is a breed of dog bred for rural work. So it happens that it stores a lot of energy in its interior.

Their intelligence is undoubtedly the most noticeable feature. Some people claim that all that is missing is that the dog is gesturing while spending time with it. If you suffer from tension and stress, then the dog will notice it immediately. He will do something funny to cheer you up.

That’s why Border Collies are the perfect family animals. They are just so playful that they get along well with children of all ages. Of course, just because they are friendly dogs does not mean that you should let dogs and children play without adult supervision.

This breed prefers rural areas where they can move freely and let off steam. However, they also get used to city life, as long as you give them sufficient exercise and training.

Training

These dogs need a lot of physical training to exhaust the energy they keep inside. Since so many breeds were crossed in the past, this incredibly energetic dog was born. This can cause quite a headache for some owners.

If the dog does not have the opportunity to release the energy, he can get used to bad behaviors. These include barking, hyperactivity and sometimes destroying objects. You can avoid such behaviors by going jogging with your pet or accompanying it on a bicycle.

It is best to get used to it since the puppy age on elements that could distract him in the future, such as cars or birds. This can weaken his pastoral instincts. A few basic training sessions would not hurt the animal either.

Health and diseases

The intelligent Border Collies are a naturally resistant and strong breed. However, they may suffer from degenerative diseases that reduce their life expectancy. Unfortunately, most of these diseases are genetically predisposed and have no cure yet.

One of these diseases is the collie eye anomaly (CEA), in which the animals gradually lose their sight for years. Another deadlier disease is called neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. This is a degenerative disease of the neurons that is not curable.

Other common diseases of the breed are hip dysplasia and epilepsy. Therefore, a monthly vet visit is recommended to check the health of the animals.

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