Good behavior and obedience should begin at an early age. Your dog’s training program should begin as soon as possible, at an age when the puppy naturally has an excellent learning ability.
Good behavior and obedience should begin at an early age. The dog training program should start as soon as possible, since at an early age his learning ability is excellent. Your dog should understand the basic names, from a puppy, to become a self-confident adult dog with a balanced character and avoid nervous behavior that can be harmful.
Puppy training for home life
Most likely, your puppy is not trained for life in a house when it arrives, so accidents can occur during the first few weeks. Often, puppies can cause accidents at home because they are given too much freedom, too soon, and do not know where they should urinate.
You can take different measures to avoid it:
- Make sure the puppy only has access to one or two rooms in the house, where the family spends more time.
- Place the puppy in a carrier when you can’t supervise him. Puppies are less likely to dirty the place where they sleep because they consider it a safe place and want to keep it clean.
- Feed him at regular and scheduled times. This will allow you to monitor the puppy more closely, since he is more likely to need to leave right after eating.
- It is important to strengthen the desired actions, so congratulate the puppy every time he urinates outside.
- So you can congratulate him right away, it’s a good idea to go out with your puppy.
- Do not punish or reprimand a puppy that has had an “accident.” Instead, look for ways to prevent the puppy from needing to urinate indoors
- Don’t wait for the puppy to want to leave. Most puppies do not learn to express their need until they learn to “retain” at home. Always take it out at the same time
Take it out frequently, after each meal and nap, before going to sleep and as soon as you get up in the morning to get used to this routine. At first, always take it to the same place, so you can recognize your own smell.
If you see the puppy go round and round, or sniff the ground when it’s inside, it’s a sign that he needs to get out. If an “accident” occurs, do not scold the puppy, but disinfect the place to eliminate the smell. Do not clean while in the room and do not use bleach, so as not to stimulate your interest.
Puppy education in obedience
Dogs are pack animals and need authority. From the beginning, they need only one person who can be their teacher. Do not shout when calling the puppy, since dogs are very sensitive to variations in the voice, and they will perfectly understand the different tones, such as clear and short to give orders, happy to congratulate and serious for a reprimand. Always use the same words for the same orders.
Teach the puppy to sit
Using food as a reward, keep it above the puppy’s nose and slowly move it up and back, over its head. Following the meal with his head, the puppy will sit. When the dog does, say the word “sit” with the action.
As soon as your pet feels, say “very well, sit down” and give him the reward. The puppy will need to repeat it many times until he learns to associate the reward with the fact of sitting. Start with 3 short training sessions of only 5 minutes a day, and expand the sessions little by little as the puppy grows.
Teach the puppy to lie down
After teaching your dog to sit, you can start teaching him to lie down. First make him feel and then encourage him to lie down holding the reward, lowering it between his front legs and moving it forward at the same time, while saying “down”. As soon as he lies down, give him a prize and many compliments.
How to teach a puppy to walk on a leash
One of the obligations you acquire when you live with a dog is to take it out for a walk every day. In the urban environment, it is mandatory that you take the tied puppy for a walk and only release it in places that are enabled for it.
Do you think it’s a lot to have to take it out every day several times? It should not be so if you take into account that the walk helps maintain the emotional balance of the dog and contributes to its good fitness. Also, during your trips abroad, it is very important that you always carry it on a leash: this is the best way to ensure that no mishap occurs while exploring the world during your walks.
Clarified these two points, here are some practical tips to teach your puppy to walk:
- First you must be accustomed to wearing the necklace, only after you can put the strap but without notice any tension, without forcing him to go in any direction.
- Once you take him out to the street, at first follow him where he wants to go and gradually have him sit on one of your sides, preferably on the left.
- Hold the leash gently and move forward so that the puppy walks near you and the leash is loose.
- When you stop, give a gentle pull so it stops too. To attract their attention you can use a prize or caresses.
- One detail, never use the leash as an element of punishment, but as something that involves joy and satisfaction.
Choose a food as a reward to educate your puppy
Choose something small and low calorie that the puppy likes. A croquette of your daily ration can serve, or an exclusive nutritional supplement for education Be sure to include this prize in the calculation of your daily ration.
If you want a more advanced education, there are clubs
Dog training open to all puppies accompanied by their owners. Since obedience is the basis of everything you can do with your puppy, going to a club will confirm the education you are giving.
One of the basic behaviors of the puppy is the game, with him he learns to interact with his brothers and to develop the skills he will need when he grows up, such as the urge to hunt. This predatory behavior is what leads your puppy to bite your hands, just as if it were a prey.
A puppy bites his siblings playing, a natural attitude and that does not cause any harm to each other but that can be terrible for you with those puppy teeth so thin and pointed. In addition, they are much worse because they still do not control their strength. The puppy nibbles everything because it also develops the strength of his jaw, although this can cause serious damage at home. Further:
- Do not use your hands or feet to play. Since the puppy bites playing, your hands may end up shattered if you use them to play with him. Also as a form of play the puppy bites the feet.
- Use toys for dogs. There is only one way for the puppy to stop nibbling on everything, your feet and your hands included: make dog toys available, in addition, they will encourage exercise, which helps to keep overweight at bay. The most conventional dog toys are balls, but there are interactive toys for dogs that are very useful.