The Spanish dog breeds

Meet Spanish dog breeds, from the smallest to the largest protected dogs.

The Spanish dog breeds have their own identity and are loyal and intelligent. Those recognized as native by the Spanish Royal Dog Society have a history of tradition, loyalty and work.

Since time immemorial man has domesticated the dog to perform various activities such as hunting or herding. Over time, the dog then became a companion, protector, guardian, and pet.

A great variety of Spanish dog breeds

Spanish dog breeds offer a variety of shapes, colors, types, and sizes. According to scientific studies, all descend from their historical ancestor, the wolf, and today live in different areas of the country.

Many of the Spanish dog breeds were rediscovered and rescued, as they were already threatened with extinction.

The list of the Spanish Royal Dog Society, recognized by the Fédération Cynologique International (FCI), is proof of how successful this task is.

An example of this is the Alano Español, which was considered extinct for a good part of the 20th century. In 1980, Spanish breeding experts made it their mission to breed the breed again. By crossing with boxers and bulldogs, the breed was practically lost.

The researchers found specimens of the Alano in Vizcaya and Burgos, to have a basis for breeding. Nowadays this beautiful, old-established breed is a reality again.

337 dog breeds are recognized by the FCI worldwide. 21 of them are originally from Spain.

The Spanish Royal Dog Society divided this list into groups to distinguish dogs by size, weight, color, physique, coat, and area of ​​origin.

Mallorcan sheepdog and mountain dog

In the first group are the Majorcan shepherd and mountain dogs, apart from the Bernese Mountain Dog. The group includes the breeds Ca de Bestiar, Gos d’Atura Catala, Majorero Canario, Euskal Artzain Txakurra, Pastor Garafiano and the Leonesian Shepherd Dog.

These breeds are native to the Balearic Islands and are large, medium-sized, black dogs that sometimes have a white spot on their chest.

They are rustic, muscular and flexible, their coat can be both short and long.

Pinscher and Schnauzer

Group 2 consists of Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossern, mountain dogs and Swiss Sennenhunden. It is also known as Spanish Mastiff, Pyrenees Mastiff, Majorcan Great Dane (Ca de Bou), Canarian Great Dane and Spanish Alano.

These breeds, coming from the Balearic Islands, are ideal for protection and defense dogs. In the past, they were used to protect themselves from wolves and bears.

Terrier and Pied Piper

In Group 3 are the Andalusian and Valencian Terriers and Pied Piper, who come from Andalusia. They are fast and flexible and are ideal for hunting mice and rats.

In the international list the number 4 belongs to the German dachshunds. In Spanish classification, the list will be empty, as well as place 9.

Spitz and dogs of the original type

Group 5 consists of the Spitz and original dogs. These include the Podenco Canario, Podenco Ibicenco, Podenco Andaluz and Podenco Valenciano. They come from Andalusia and are particularly suitable for hunting small animals, which they perform day and night.

Detection and search dogs

Welding and detection dogs form group 6. The Spanish sweat dog is intended for small animal hunting. He is medium-sized and has a compact skeleton and strong limbs. He has long ears, a smooth, close-fitting coat, and a lovely look.


Group 7 are the pointers. The Perdiguero de Burgos and the Pachon Navarro are very popular with hunters. The animals are rustic and work persistently in any terrain. They are obedient and strong.

Hunting and water dogs

The retrievers and water dogs form group 8. These are hunting and herding dogs, which also help fishermen. They have existed on the Iberian Peninsula for a very long time and are most common in Andalusia, where they work as shepherd dogs.

Spanish Greyhound

On number 10 of the list is the impressive Spanish greyhound, which has been known since antiquity. This dog is especially suited for hunting rabbits, as it is so fast and its look so sharp. It is also used in wild boar and fox hunting.

The breeds were exported and are considered, among other things, as the forefathers of the English greyhounds.

These Spanish breeds, some of which have been on the verge of extinction, are proficient, loyal and intelligent. How good that breeders keep the breeds alive and there is so much choice!

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