Choosing the right food at the beginning of the puppy’s life is very important. These are the factors that you should consider.
After the first month of your puppy’s life, the weaning period begins, that is, the transition from liquid to solid food. But what should you keep in mind when choosing your first food?
Dog size and breed
The breed and the size of the puppy are two of the most important elements to consider when choosing your first food. Many breeds have specific requirements, both nutritional and health, and a food adapted to these needs of the puppy will ensure an adequate supply of nutrients for a healthy start.
The size of the dog is a very important factor when choosing the food because it depends on the form of grip or chewing of the food or its digestion. There are five different size categories among dogs:
- Very small: up to 4 kg of weight in adulthood
- Small: up to 10 kg of weight in adulthood
- Medium: between 11 kg and 25 kg of weight in adulthood
- Large: from 26 to 45 kg of weight in adulthood
- Giant: more than 45 kg of weight in adulthood
Choose the puppy’s first food based on its estimated adult weight (which you can find out by considering the breed and by consulting with the veterinarian). The food will have been specifically formulated to meet the needs of dogs in that category, resulting in the best possible beginning of life for your puppy.
Your puppy’s food will be different depending on the breed and size since its nutritional needs and sensitivities to prevent will be different
Small and very small dogs need the food to have the size and texture adapted to the small size of their jaw to favor their grip and chewing. Also, by the time they are in the weaning phase, it has to be easily rehydrated.
Medium-sized dogs often spend a lot of time outdoors. Therefore, food must provide them with adequate energy levels and strengthen their natural defenses. This includes skin and hair care, which serve as a natural barrier against pathogens and diseases.
Large and giant dogs grow at a slower rate than small dogs and the development of their muscles during the growth stage is later. They need a food that favors this sustained growth while the texture and shape are the right size for their mouth, in order to stimulate chewing and reduce the speed of ingestion.
Puppy Feeding Guidelines
A good feeding of the puppy not only consists in choosing the most suitable food for him, but also it is necessary to take into account other things and establish them as routines of feeding of the puppy.
Should you have a fixed space to eat and rest?
Yes, in this way you can be calm, without anyone bothering you when you sleep, and feel safe when it comes to eating because you are accustomed. That place should be very easy to clean. If you choose a place whose floor cannot be scrubbed frequently, such as the wooden floor, place a carpet that you can wash, even some absorbent material for a single use.
How often does a puppy eat?
A newborn puppy eats 8 times a day, an amount that is gradually reduced as it grows, so that at 2-4 months it eats three times a day, to move to two. This number of times the puppy eats a day is maintained throughout the dog’s life, but if you have doubts about how many times a day a puppy eats, consult your veterinarian.
How much should a puppy eat a day?
The amount of daily food you should give the puppy depends on its size and age. It is advisable to follow the indications of the rationing table of the packages, although there may be variations depending on each individual. Remember that you must divide the total daily amount by the number of shots you take so that each serving is correct and avoid being overweight. If you still have doubts about how much a puppy should eat, the veterinarian can help you.
Should the puppy have meal schedules?
It is very normal for the dog to show some anxiety with food, this is its nature. To reduce it to some extent, it is good for the puppy to have meal schedules. The more rigorous you are with that schedule, the easier it will be for the puppy to get used to not asking between hours. Another schedule of the puppy that you must establish is the one related to your walk, since, if you take it out immediately after eating, you will learn before doing your needs outside.
Three other important things in puppy feeding
Water is essential for all metabolic processes, so the puppy should always have clean, fresh water at its fingertips. Of course, there is never
You can give it too cold water because it can harm you.
When the puppy’s diet is balanced and complete, that is, when it has all the necessary nutrients in the right proportion, as with Royal Canin foods, nutritional supplements are not necessary, they can even become harmful, as in the case of calcium . Vitamins for additional puppies are also not necessary.
Try not to give him any food other than his own. If you don’t do it like that, then don’t ask yourself why the puppy doesn’t want dog food.
Protection against possible health problems
All puppies have the immature digestive system, and this is very important to keep in mind, especially in puppies of larger breeds. An adequate diet for them will combine an adapted nutritional formulation along with a high digestibility.
Smaller breed dogs are more likely to suffer from dental problems such as tartar buildup, although all puppies, regardless of size, need good dental hygiene. The food croquette should be the right size, as it stimulates chewing
Large and giant dogs are more susceptible to osteoarticular problems during the growth stage, so proper feeding at this stage should include joint care.
All dogs, regardless of size, need to strengthen their immune system between four and twelve weeks of age. In this phase the defenses provided by the mother have decreased and her immune system is not mature enough. This phase is known as “immune vacuum.” The first food you choose for your puppy should help strengthen your immune system during this key moment.